Please Enter Keywords
资源 63
[Lecture] Neofunctionalization of Toll signaling: the evolution of dorsoventral axis formation in insects
Apr. 02, 2024

from clipboard

Speaker: Siegfried Roth (University of Cologne)

Time: 10:00—11:30 a.m., April 2, 2024, GMT+8

Venue: Room 101, Jinguang Life Science Building, PKU


Toll signaling plays a crucial role in pathogen defense throughout the animal kingdom. It was discovered, however, for its function in dorsoventral(DV) axis formation in Drosophila. In all other insects studied so far, but not outside the insects, Toll is also required for DV patterning. However, in insects more distantly related to Drosophila, Toll's patterning role is frequently reduced and substituted by an expanded influence of BMP signaling, the pathway implicated in DV axis formation in all major metazoan lineages. This suggests that Toll was integrated into an ancestral BMP-based patterning system at the base of the insects or during insect evolution. The observation that Toll signaling has an immune function in the extraembryonic serosa, an early differentiating tissue of most insect embryos, suggests a scenario of how Toll was co-opted from an ancestral immune function for its new role in axis formation.

Source: School of Life Sciences, PKU